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Samsung’s 3nm technology offers better performance in a small footprint

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The business has begun 3nm chip first manufacturing.

(Image credit: Android Central)

What you must understand

  • Samsung has started manufacturing its cutting-edge 3nm-based semiconductors.
  • Gate-all-around (GAA) architecture is used in the process to increase performance while utilizing less energy.
  • With its innovative chip fabrication method, Samsung surpasses TSMC.

With its 3nm process node, which employs the gate-all-around (GAA) transistor architecture to increase performance while lowering power consumption, Samsung has begun pilot production.

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Compared to the 5nm technique, the new method offers better performance on a smaller surface area. According to Samsung, the first-generation 3nm technology reduces surface area by 16 percent while increasing performance by 23 percent and cutting power consumption by 45 percent when compared to 5nm. With 50% less power usage, 30% more performance, and 35% less surface area, the second generation offers even better performance.

According to Bloomberg(opens in new tab), the South Korean tech giant will start producing next-generation chips in large quantities in the first half of 2022. The article claims that Samsung, ahead of TSMC, is the first to start manufacturing 3nm chips.

The utilization of Multi-Bridge-Channel FET, according to Samsung, is a first for the GAA technology.

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Samsung claims that it will initially implement the nanosheet transistor in semiconductor chips before moving on to mobile CPUs, which will power the best Android phones of the future. These chips are made for computing applications that require both high performance and minimal power.

The business modifies the nanosheet’s channel width using 3nm GAA technology; the larger a nanosheet’s channel, the higher performance and more energy efficiency it gets. In comparison, current GAA technologies use nanowires with smaller channel widths.

This method aims to maximize power in order to satisfy different practical requirements of clients. According to Bloomberg, Samsung is currently creating 3nm chips at its Hwaseong facilities and has plans to move the production to its Pyeongtaek fab.

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Following concerns that Samsung was having issues with its new GAA 3nm manufacturing process because of low yield rates in April, the initial production phase has started.

Although it still needs to refine its 3nm processors in order to outperform Qualcomm’s Snapdragon line, the business seems to have overcome those challenges. The semiconductor industry giant’s upcoming processor is probably going to use the same 3nm manufacturing method. Presumably, it will be referred as as Snapdragon 8 Gen 2.

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