Water is our most valuable resource, as it nourishes all life on the planet. We’ve produced a list of 25 astonishing and interesting facts about the remarkable chemical molecule known as H20 to commemorate Drilcorp’s 25th anniversary. Did you know that a single acre of broad-leafed forest may leak up to 8,000 gallons of water into the atmosphere each day? Incredible!
1. Most important resource in the world
Water is without a doubt the most plentiful resource on the earth. Water covers around 72 per cent of our globe. The human race occupies just over a quarter of our planet’s surface, but it would perish if the water that swallows the remainder of the area did not exist. We need water on a daily basis to survive, our food is grown with water, and our bodies are primarily made up of water. Although water is abundant on Earth, only around 10% of it is drinkable. The rest is made up of saltwater.
2. 7% of the fresh water on Earth is trapped in glaciers
You’ve probably heard the saying, and it’s true for water. Water is (nearly) everywhere on Earth: in the air and clouds above the surface, in rivers, oceans, ice, plants, and living beings on the surface, and inside the Earth in the top few miles of the earth.
A whopping 96.5 per cent of the water on Earth is in our oceans, covering 71 per cent of the surface of our planet. And at any given time, about 0.001 per cent is floating above us in the atmosphere. If all of that water fell as rain at once, the whole planet would get about 1 inch of rain.
Look at this bar chart for an estimated explanation of where Earth’s water exists. Because you’re probably aware that the water cycle shows the movement of Earth’s water, keep in mind that the chart and table below depict the presence of Earth’s water at a certain point in time. These figures will almost certainly be different in a million years!
All freshwater and saline water on, in, and above the Earth is represented by the left bar.
All of the water in the centre bar is fresh.
Only the portion of fresh water in surface water (snow and ice) and relatively shallow groundwater is shown in the right bar.
3. Water can dissolve more substances
Because it can dissolve more chemicals than any other liquid, water is known as the “universal solvent.” This is critical for all living things on the planet. It means that water transports valuable chemicals, minerals, and nutrients wherever it goes, whether through the air, the earth, or our bodies.
The chemical composition and physical properties of water are what make it such a good solvent. The oxygen and hydrogen atoms in water molecules are arranged in a polar arrangement, with one side (hydrogen) having a positive electrical charge and the other side (oxygen) having a negative charge. This enables the water molecule to be attracted to a wide range of other molecules. Water can become so strongly attracted to another component, such as salt (NaCl), that it can disrupt the attraction forces holding the sodium and chloride in the salt complex together, causing it to dissolve.
4. The freezing point of water lowers as the amount of salt dissolved in at increases
The average salinity of seawater in the world’s oceans is roughly 3.5 per cent (35 g/L, or 0.600 M). In other words, every kilogramme of saltwater contains about 35 grammes (1.2 oz) of dissolved salts, the majority of which are sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl-) ions. Seawater is denser than both fresh water and pure water as a result of these salts. As a result, as the salt concentration rises, the freezing point of saltwater drops.
The ocean current is another component that influences the freezing of ocean water. Thermal convection and ocean currents combine to create large-scale flows of ocean water. The continual circulation of the ocean water keeps the water molecules from freezing into ice crystals, which are rather stagnant. As a result, only extremely frigid regions, such as the North Pole or the South Pole, see temperatures severe enough to cause ocean water to freeze.
5. Most freshwater is in ice
Just 3.5 per cent of Earth’s water is fresh—that is, with few salts in it. You can find Earth’s freshwater in our lakes, rivers, and streams, but don’t forget groundwater and glaciers. Over 68 per cent of Earth’s freshwater is locked up in ice and glaciers. And another 30 per cent is in groundwater.
6. 80% of all illness in the developing world is water related
Around 80% of infections in poorer nations are connected to poor water and sanitation conditions. A water-related sickness is responsible for one out of every five fatalities among children under the age of five worldwide. Water that is clean and safe is crucial for a healthy lifestyle.
Water is home to tiny worms and microorganisms. The majority of bacteria are rather harmless. However, some of them can cause serious sickness in people. They can’t be avoided since they can’t be seen.
Every glass of contaminated water has the potential to kill.
7. A lot can live in one drop of water
A single drop of ocean water can contain a lot of information. Millions (yes, millions!) of bacteria and viruses will most likely be present. Fish eggs, tiny crabs, plankton, and even little worms might be found in it.
8. Unsafe water kills 200 children every hour
According to a major new analysis, about two million children die each year due to a lack of clean water and basic sanitation, and the world’s poor often pays more for their water than those in the United Kingdom or the United States.
According to the United Nations Development Programme’s annual Human Development Report, 1.1 billion people do not have access to safe drinking water, and 2.6 billion have inadequate sanitation. This is due to poverty, inequality, and government failure, not water scarcity.
The report calls on governments to ensure that everyone, regardless of wealth, location, gender, or ethnicity, has access to at least 20 litres of clean water each day. It goes on to say that providing free water to the underprivileged could be the catalyst for the next step ahead in human evolution.
9. It’s really great that ice floats
When atoms come closer together to form solids, they form something denser. This is why the majority of solids float in water. However, solid water, such as ice, has a lower density. This is a unique situation. When water freezes, the water molecules form rings. Because of the extra room, ice is less dense. It floats because of this. This is advantageous because ice on top of a body of water keeps the rest of the water liquid. Whole oceans may freeze solid if ice sank!
10. Water makes up about 66 percent of the human body
Consider what you’ll need to get by, just to get by. Food? Water? Air? Facebook? I’m going to focus on water here, of course. Water is essential to all living things; in certain creatures, water accounts for up to 90% of their body weight. Water makes up up to 60% of the adult human body.
The brain and heart contain 73 percent water, and the lungs are roughly 83 percent water, according to H.H. Mitchell, Journal of Biological Chemistry 158. Water makes up 64 percent of the skin, 79 percent of the muscles and kidneys, and even 31 percent of the bones.
Humans require a specific amount of water to survive each day. Of course, this differs depending on one’s age and gender, as well as where they live. An adult male requires approximately 3 litres (3.2 quarts) of water per day, while an adult female requires approximately 2.2 litres (2.3 quarts) per day. A